HDTV Standards, Formats and Measurement

1 Day Course
Official Curriculum
Code PWL290

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Classroom Virtual Classroom Private Group - Virtual Self-Paced Online


The course provides delegates with a practical understanding of the technologies, vocabulary, techniques of HDTV (High Definition Television) systems, explaining the structure and test and measurement of BT.709, SMPTE 292, 424, 3GSDI and HDSDI based signals.

This course is suitable for technical staff working in an HDTV video and audio environment who need an understanding of the specific technologies and issues associated with implementing and working with HDTV video and audio systems.


At the end of the course delegates will be able to:

  • Describe HDTV signals and architectures
  • Understand BT and SMPTE standards
  • Describe the BT.709 Common Image Format
  • Understand the effects of cable defects on signal quality
  • Understand the issues involved in manipulating and transmitting HDTV signals
  • Describe the use of Dolby and surround sound audio in HDTV
  • Understand HDSDI test and measurement.


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Broadcast Television and Audio systems (17 topics)

  • Video sampling structures, 4:4:4, 4:2:2, 4:2:0
  • SDTV, HDTV (high definition TV) and aspect ratios
  • Progressive scan, Interlace and Segmented Formats
  • Future UHDTV (SHV) systems
  • 24, 25, 29.97, 30 50 59.94 and 60Hz frame rates
  • BT.709 and the Common Image Format (CIF)
  • Gamma
  • HD colourimetry differences WRT SD
  • Component matrix differences WRT SD
  • SMPTE Standards for 720p and 1080i and 1080p systems
  • 1088 line and 1440 sample systems in MPEG-2/4
  • Achieving constant sample rate with varying frame rate, through variable
  • blanking time
  • Vertical Blanking and line numbering
  • A review of key ITU and SMPTE standards documents
  • ITU-BT.709, ITU-BT.1543, ITU Rec.1120
  • SMPTE 274M, SMPTE 291M, SMPTE 292M, SMPTE 296M, SMPTE 299M, SMPTE 372M, SMPTE 424M

Ancillary Data and Audio in HDTV (8 topics)

  • TRS (Timing Reference Signal), SAV and EAV
  • EAV extension in 3GSDI and HDSDI
  • Ancillary data multiplexing
  • Comparison with SDSDI audio
  • Sample frequencies and bit rates
  • Audio in HDSDI embedding AES/EBU
  • Dolby Digital, Dolby E, Dolby AC3 and Dolby Meta data
  • Audio levels and metering

Test and Measurement of HDTV Systems (13 topics)

  • Comparison of cable types and achievable cable runs
  • Understanding automatic cable equalisation and measurement
  • Relationship of cable bit errors to visible and audible defects
  • Practical analysis of HDSDI and 3GSDI signal's data content
  • Differences between SD and HD-SDI formats
  • 3 Gigabit/sec systems for 4:4:4:4 and 1080p 50 capture.
  • The pathological test signal, and when to use it and when not to use it
  • Practical physical layer measurement of eye, rise and fall timings.
  • Practical physical layer measurement of jitter.
  • Understanding Alignment Jitter, Timing Jitter and Wander
  • Cable and connector properties at HDSDI and 3GSDI
  • Data rates, causes and effects of reflections
  • Analogue HD waveform explanation


No specific knowledge is required, but a general familiarity with broadcast television concepts is assumed

Relevant Certifications

Scheduled Dates

Please select from the dates below to make an enquiry or booking.


Different pricing structures are available including special offers. These include early bird, late availability, multi-place, corporate volume and self-funding rates. Please arrange a discussion with a training advisor to discover your most cost effective option.

Code Location Duration Price Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar

and Virtual Classroom
1 Day $1,325

What Our Customers Say

Enjoyable and very worthwhile course”

Principle on Compliance Engineer, Liberty Global

The training was delivered with a high level of expertise and excellence. Instructor was highly knowledgeable.”

Technical Trainer, Aviat Networks

Overall the course was really good, the trainer really understood the material and was very approachable.”

Customer Training Manager, Aviat Networks

Excellent course, informative and well-paced.”

CSE, Cisco

Course was very well outlined. Topics were great and bridged many gaps.”

System Engineer, Cable & Wireless

An excellent intro to video encoding & MPEG transport streams - I would definitely recommend it.”

Broadcast Engineer, Cisco

Definitely an excellent intro. Left me interested in learning more.”

Broadcast Engineer, Eircom

Excellent training course with real examples and practical classroom demonstrations.”

Transport Designer, Orange

Instructor knowledge and experience was excellent.”

Solutions Engineer, Akamai

Excellent course, very clear and well organised. Course content delivery was very good.”

Assistant Engineer, Dhiraagu

Very informative and appropriate.”

Network Support Technician, BT

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