MIMO and Antenna Technology for HSPA+ and LTE

2 Day Course
Code PWS194

Book Now - 2 Delivery Methods Available:

Classroom Virtual Classroom Private Group - Virtual Self-Paced Online


For around a hundred years, single antennas have been used, dipoles, etc. for wireless communications In the last ten years, however, this has all changed and multiple antenna systems, different types of diversity, beamforming, array antennas and MIMO have all emerged onto the wireless scene. They offer better cell capacity, more user  throughput, larger cells: too many good things to be true, it seems. However, actual deployments have shown the immense value of current MIMO technology and the potential for the next few years.

The High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) addition to UMTS uses MIMO for HSPA+ to massively improve on its original 7.2 Mbps downlink so this technology, a subset of antennas for LTE, is described.

This unique two day course starts with a refresher on antenna basics before looking at diversity in all its forms and then diversity, MIMO, beamforming and array antennas. This course does not discuss the detailed physical design of antennas but is focussed on how multiple antennas, etc, are used and integrated into LTE.


At the end of this course, delegates will:

  • Receive a refresher on antennas
  • Understand a range of diversity techniques
  • Appreciate Beamforming, MIMO and Array antennas
  • Be aware of the antenna options for LTE
  • Overview antenna use in Wi-Fi and Mobile WiMAX


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A Refresher on Basic Antenna Theory (9 topics)

  • Reciprocity
  • Isotropic and Dipole Antennas
  • Gain: dBi and dBd
  • Beam patterns
  • Front to back ratio
  • Reactive near-field
  • Radiating near-field (Fresnel region),
  • Far-field (Fraunhofer region)
  • Multipath and Inter Symbol Interference

Diversity Techniques (8 topics)

  • Diversity Gain
  • Receive Diversity
  • Selection Diversity
  • Switched Diversity
  • Linear Combining
  • Space Diversity
  • Time Diversity
  • Frequency Diversity

MIMO Antenna Systems (2 topics)

  • Space-Time Diversity Coding
  • Spatial Multiplexing

Beamforming Antennas (4 topics)

  • Principles of Beamforming
  • Phased Arrays
  • Butler Matrix
  • Rotman Lens

Array Antennas (3 topics)

  • Uniform
  • Binomial
  • Dolph-Tschebyscheff

Antennas for LTE and HSPA (15 topics)

  • UE Challenges
  • HSPA
  • LTE
  • Overview of multi-antenna related processing
  • Precoded Spatial Multiplexing
  • DL SU-MIMO and Transmit Diversity
  • DL Multiuser MIMO
  • Single-layer dedicated beamforming in LTE
  • UL Multiuser MIMO
  • Uplink Single-User MIMO
  • Downlink Dual-Layer Beamforming
  • Coordinated multi-point transmission/reception (CoMP)
  • Extended Downlink Single-User MIMO

Reuse Patterns for LTE (1 topic)

  • Building a LTE Single Frequency Network


The course assumes an understanding of cellular systems.

Scheduled Dates

Please select from the dates below to make an enquiry or booking.


Different pricing structures are available including special offers. These include early bird, late availability, multi-place, corporate volume and self-funding rates. Please arrange a discussion with a training advisor to discover your most cost effective option.

Code Location Duration Price Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep
Virtual Classroom (London)
2 Days $2,340

What Our Customers Say

The training was delivered with a high level of expertise and excellence. Instructor was highly knowledgeable.”

Technical Trainer, Aviat Networks

Overall the course was really good, the trainer really understood the material and was very approachable.”

Customer Training Manager, Aviat Networks

Excellent course, informative and well-paced.”

CSE, Cisco

Course was very well outlined. Topics were great and bridged many gaps.”

System Engineer, Cable & Wireless

An excellent intro to video encoding & MPEG transport streams - I would definitely recommend it.”

Broadcast Engineer, Cisco

Definitely an excellent intro. Left me interested in learning more.”

Broadcast Engineer, Eircom

Excellent training course with real examples and practical classroom demonstrations.”

Transport Designer, Orange

Instructor knowledge and experience was excellent.”

Solutions Engineer, Akamai

Excellent course, very clear and well organised. Course content delivery was very good.”

Assistant Engineer, Dhiraagu

Very informative and appropriate.”

Network Support Technician, BT

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