DVB and MPEG Essentials

4 Day Course
Official Curriculum
Code PWL015

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Scheduled Online Onsite

This course provides an overview of television broadcast systems and infrastructures.  It is intended for developers, users, application builders and those who need a technical overview who are new to Digital TV systems used in the TV industry. 

This course examines the delivery of TV images for SDTV and broadcast quality where MPEG-2 has been used for many years. However to deliver higher resolutions without more bandwidth greater compression is needed so the course will examine advance Video encoding, MPEG-4 and H.264. Also in the field of handheld mobile devices the data rates over wireless channels are considerably reduced by the deployment of error recovery techniques. Here compression is vital to deliver any viable image service.

Broadcasting systems depend upon delivery over MPEG transport streams so the course will examine how MPEG-2 transport streams can be used to carry services encoded in MPEG-2, MPEG-4 and H.264. It will provide an understanding of how service information is delivered and how conditional access is encoded. The course will also examine the architecture of set top boxes and address the issues of middleware and chip-sets.


When you have completed this course you will be able to:

  • Describe the evolution and architecture of  modern Digital TV services
  • Compare Cable, over-air terrestrial, satellite and Internet delivery systems
  • Compare the impact of quality of techniques
  • Discuss appropriate broadcasting/multicasting strategies for TV delivery
  • Size video delivery options
  • Identify how to multiplex channels, video pictures and sound within a stream
  • Deploy the scrambling used for Conditional Access systems
  • Enhance compression with MPEG-4 and H.264
  • Compare the effectiveness of the different compression approaches
  • Select an appropriate Conditional Access systems for deployment
  • Appreciate the trend in the technologies
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Television Architecture (13 topics)

  • Colour Television
  • Digital Video Broadcasting
  • Formats:
  • 4:2:2, 4:2:0, CIF, QSIF
  • The Signals
  • Analog Television
  • Teletext, captions and sub-titles
  • Digitally-Compressed Television
  • Digital Modulation :MPEG Hierarchy, MPEG1, MPEG2
  • Digital Video Broadcasting
  • Cable Networking Protocols
  • Over-the-air broadcasting

Television Distribution Technology (9 topics)

  • Digital vs Analogue
  • Head-ends
  • Signal Reception
  • Head-end Signal Processing
  • Head-end Operation
  • Delivery Mechanisms
  • Broadband Distribution Systems
  • Coaxial RF Technology
  • Coaxial Distribution Design

Transmission for Digital TV Systems (11 topics)

  • Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
  • Linear Microwave Signal Transportation
  • Digital distribution Systems
  • Linear Fiber-Optic Signal Transportation
  • Fiber Optic Transmission
  • Passive Optical Fiber (PON)
  • Wavelength Division Multiplexing: CWDM and DWDM
  • End-to-End Performance
  • Upstream Issues
  • Digital Fiber Modulation and Fiber Architectures: SONET/SDH
  • Optical Carrier Ethernet

TV Distribution Systems (12 topics)

  • Terrestrial UHF/VHF Broadcast Delivery
  • Satellite Television Delivery
  • Cable Television Delivery
  • IPTV Deliver
  • From head-end to viewer
  • Back-Channel
  • Set-Top Box Issues
  • Next Generation Media Players
  • IPTV Service Features
  • Encoder Classification: MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H.264
  • ETSI Digital Video Broadcast Standards

MPEG Encoding (15 topics)

  • Source Encoding
  • MPEG Compression Concepts
  • Prediction and Interpolation
  • Reordering
  • Motion: Prediction, estimation and compensation
  • I, P and B Pictures
  • MPEG Levels and Profiles
  • Audio Compression
  • Framing Formats
  • Multiplexing of Signals
  • Pacetised Element Stream(PES)
  • Decode Time Stamp (DTS)
  • Presentation Time Stamp (PTS)
  • System Clock Reference (SCR)
  • Quantization of Program and Transport Streams

MPEG Transport Streams and Packets (17 topics)

  • Transport stream format
  • MPEG Packets and headers
  • Service Information (SI), Program Specific Information (PSI)
  • Data Broadcasting DSM-CC
  • MHP Signalling
  • Program Allocation Table (PAT)
  • Program Map Table (PMT)
  • Conditional Access Table (CAT)
  • NIT, SDT & EITs
  • Effect on STB Behaviour
  • Channel Coding and Forward Error Recovery
  • Energy Dispersal
  • Reed-Solomon Coding
  • Convolutional Coding
  • Interleaving
  • Trellis Decoding
  • Temporal Spreading

MPEG-4 and H.264 Standards (17 topics)

  • Related standards: JPEG and JPEG2000
  • Video Objects (VO)
  • Video Object Plane (VOP)
  • Short Header Mode
  • Motion Vectors
  • Video Packet Structure
  • Interlacing
  • Motion Compensation of VOP
  • Static Sprite Coding
  • Advanced Coding Efficiency (ACE)
  • Advanced Audio Coding (AAC)
  • Dolby Digital (AC3)
  • Audio Codec 3, Advanced Codec 3, Acoustic Coder 3
  • ATSC A/52
  • Texture Coding
  • Studio Quality Encoding

MPEG4 Part 10 and H.264 (18 topics)

  • Syntax of Encoding
  • H.264 Modes: I, P, B, SP and SI
  • Slices and Macro Blocks
  • Macro Prediction
  • Intra Prediction
  • Luma, Chroma and Signalling prediction
  • Deblocking Filter
  • Transform Quantization
  • Reordering
  • Entropy Coding
  • Main Profile
  • B Slices and Reference Pictures
  • Weighted Prediction
  • Context-based Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coding (CABAC)
  • Extended Profiles
  • H.264 Transport
  • Transmission and Storage of NAC units
  • MPEG-2/MPEG-4/H.264 Comparisons

Conditional Access (12 topics)

  • Conditional Access Mechanisms
  • CA Standards
  • Simulcrypt & Interoperability
  • Common Interface
  • Encryption
  • Entitlement Management Messages (EMM)
  • Entitlement Control Messages (ECM)
  • Encoding ECM and EMM into the transport stream
  • Subscriber Management Systems (SMS)
  • Smartcards and how do they work
  • Pay-Per-View (PPV) & Impulse-Pay-Par-View (IPPV)

Encryption Mechanisms (7 topics)

  • Symmetric and Asymmetric Key Systems
  • Public Key Infrastructures
  • RSA Encryption
  • Key Distribution
  • Security Issues
  • Authentication
  • MD5 and SHA

IPTV Network Architecture (20 topics)

  • Applications and their service needs
  • TV Program Distribution
  • Satellite vs Cable delivery
  • Components of IPTV Service Network
  • Video Head End
  • Streamers
  • Encoders
  • Routers and Switches
  • Distribution Networks
  • Core Networks
  • Access Networks: Wired vs Wireless
  • DSL Technology: ADSL, VDSL
  • Fiber and Copper Loops
  • Set-top Boxes
  • Service Types and Issues
  • Channel Zapping
  • Media Player Applications
  • Video-on-demand
  • Near Video On Demand
  • Integration with Telephones and Internet Access: Triple Play

IPTV Delivery Protocols (9 topics)

  • UDP/IP
  • RTP
  • RTCP
  • Quality of Service
  • Layer 2 and Layer 3 QoS compared
  • The Quality of Service Alphabet Soup:
  • 802.1P/Q, RSVP, WFQ, DiffServ, DSCP, MPLS
  • Pro-MPEG Error Recovery

Multicasting (9 topics)

  • Deploying Multicasting for network delivery of video
  • Multicast routing approaches
  • Multicast extensions to Routing protocols
  • Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)
  • Selecting Mode of operation: Dense or Sparse
  • IGMP
  • Protocol exchanges to build tree
  • Protocol exchanges to prune tree
  • Potential failures and fixes

Set-Top Boxes (12 topics)

  • STB architecture
  • Main chipset vendors
  • Inside a digital STB
  • STB middleware
  • Functions of middleware
  • Middlewares:
  • MHEG5, goals, features, certification and limitations
  • MHP, goals, features, certification and limitations
  • OpenTV, goals, features, certification and limitations
  • MediaHighway, goals, features, certification and limitations
  • NDS Core , goals, features, certification and limitations
  • STB software stack

Customer Interface Issues: Set-top Boxes (13 topics)

  • Analog Video Reception
  • Digital Video Reception
  • Migration issues from Analogue to Digital
  • Consumer Electronics Interface
  • Equipment Compatibility
  • Networking Interfaces
  • Decoding Mechanisms
  • Personal Video Recording Interfaces
  • In-Home Networking
  • Protected and Conditional Access Key interfaces
  • Protected Broadcast Driver Architecture
  • Digital Rights Management
  • Watermarking

Who the players are in this industry: (6 topics)

  • Chip-set Manufacturers
  • STB Manufacturers
  • Middleware
  • Applications Vendors
  • Carriers
  • Broadcasters

Industry Trends (4 topics)

  • Transmission innovations
  • HDTV and Improved Quality
  • Connected Home
  • Convergence Protocols

No prior background in electronics, transmission or programming will be assumed and the course will concentrate upon functional aspects and technology comparisons rather than in the construction of the electronics themselves.

Code Location Duration Price May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct
PWL015 4 Days $3,365

What Our Customers Say

The training was delivered with a high level of expertise and excellence. Instructor was highly knowledgeable.”

Technical Trainer, Aviat Networks

Overall the course was really good, the trainer really understood the material and was very approachable.”

Customer Training Manager, Aviat Networks

Excellent course, informative and well-paced.”

CSE, Cisco

Course was very well outlined. Topics were great and bridged many gaps.”

System Engineer, Cable & Wireless

An excellent intro to video encoding & MPEG transport streams - I would definitely recommend it.”

Broadcast Engineer, Cisco

Definitely an excellent intro. Left me interested on learning more.”

Broadcast Engineer, Eircom

Excellent training course with real examples and practical classroom demonstrations.”

Transport Designer, Orange

Instructor knowledge and experience was excellent.”

Solutions Engineer, Akamai

Excellent course, very clear and well organised. Course content delivery was very good.”

Assistant Engineer, Dhiraagu

Very informative and appropriate.”

Network Support Technician, BT

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